The practice of hand reading is one of the oldest forms of a divination
procedure, practices in one form or another in many many ancient cultures
taking its own style and shape in each culture. There have been numerous
findings of hands painted in ancient caves, which indicate that the human
hand has held an interest for humans since the Stone Age. The ancient caves
in Santander, Spain display hand drawings of palms with the major lines
portrayed in amazing detail.
stencil in the Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc Cave
discoveries have discovered hands made of stone, wood and ivory by ancient
civilizations. Hand reading practice has also been found in Vedic
scripts, the Bible and early Semitic
palmistry in India
earliest records referring to palmistry come from ancient India where it is
considered to be a subsection of a vast field of study referred as
“Samudrika Shastra” which literally means the ocean of knowledge and deals
specifically with the study of the hand. Centuries ago, the sages of India
established a system of knowledge stemming from the Vedas, the earliest
sacred Hindu writings. They studied the hands as a means to unveil and
understand the self and relationships with others. They saw that the unique
patterns of lines and signs in the hand come into being as a direct result
of the way we think and behave.
teacher of “Alexander the Great
who was the teacher of “Alexander the
Great” discovered an ancient Arabic thesis on hand lines, written
in gold, on an altar to the god Hermes and later he mentioned Palmistry in
his own writings "De Historia Animalium".
Aristotle mentioned the meaning of the length of lines in the hand. This
early reference is the proof of Aristotle being a supporter of chiromancy
for many future manuscripts.
conquer and student of Aristotle
350 BC Aristotle sent Alexander
to learn as much as possible about this fascinating subject.
A famous roman emperor and conquer
Caesar used to judge his men by reading
book of christens
earliest references to Palmistry claimed to have found in the Bible--
Job 37:7 ("stealth up the hand of every man: that all men may
know his work") and Proverbs 3:16
("length of days is in her right hand; and in her left hand riches and honour")
ARRIVAL AT EUROPE
By Arabic traders, who picked it up on their travels to India
though India and Egypt have both been credited as the seat of palmistry,
speculation has honored India as the actual cradle for Western Palmistry.
Indian hand reading had
already spread to China and Japan where it was refined.
Palmistry arrived in Europe in
12th Century by Arabic
traders, who picked it up on their travels and took it to Europe. Then
was practiced in India,
China, Egypt, Arab and ancient Greece, taking it's own shape and
style in each country.
The most famous doctor of the Roman empire
famous doctor in the
was a Greek, named Galen.
one of the first to analyze how human body works. He was also educated about
the use of
as a clinical aid.
Who declared the teaching of Aristotle
Who was the writer of Palmistry document "Assembly of God"
One of the earliest writings on Palmistry
'Pawmestry' at that time) was made
by John Lyndgate in his documents
Who was the author
of the 1st book on Palmistry in 1477
Scotts wrote the first book on Palmistry in
on the physiognomy of the human body with a chapter on all the aspects of
the human hand.
of the Christians
of palmistry was unfortunately banned in Europe by the Catholic Church,
which branded it by declaring devil worshiping. Anyone found to have an
interest was quickly murdered.
& FLUDD (1574-1637)
Who brought respectability to Palmistry through their writings
the church started to lose its influence in society common sense prevailed.
Notable people such as Paracelsus
brought respectability to palmistry through their writings.
Who translated the
Joannes Rothmann's chiromantiae in 1651
the seventeenth century many books were written on Palmistry that included
the collected early gypsy ideas about the hand that had been handed down
through verbal tradition. Among the many references to palmistry is a page
from Captain George Warton's translation of
COMTE C. DE SAINT
A French mystic who wrote the famous book "The study of Palmistry for
French mystic, the
Comte C. De Saint Germain, (not to be confused with the fraud “Jon
Saint-Germain” who wrote a book in the nineteenth century entitled
"Practical Palmistry") contributed
importantly towards palmistry by writing a famous book
"The study of Palmistry for professional purposes and
A famous French Palmist with good predictive success with Napoleon and
eighteenth century palmist of any note was a famous French fortune-teller
Anne le Normand”
who historically created great interest in
Palmistry because of her predictive successes with
DR. CARL GUSTAV CARUS
A physician to the king of saxony
A Physician to the King of Saxony who
match palms to personality.
A famous French
Palmist who first to formulate a system of hand shape classification
other famous French Palmist of nineteenth century was
Casimir Stanislas D'Arpentigny who was
first person to formulate a system of hand shape classification.
previous focus had been with the lines of the palm only, but not with the
form of the hand in which those lines were to be found. No
doubt that D'Arpentigny refreshed and revived the
old form of chiromancy and rehabilitated it as a science.
Father of modern Palmistry
After D'Arpentigny, it was "Adrien Adolphe Desbarolles" who made a major
influence on the study of palmistry during the nineteenth century. He is
also considered to be the father of modern Palmistry. Whilst D'Arpentigny
concentrated his efforts on a sober evaluation of the form and structure
of the hand, Desbarolles emphasized on the symbolic study of hand and took
the findings of D'Arpentigny in further depth and detail.
One of the most famous Palmist of all times
Cheiro is one of the most famous Palmist of all times who could make amazingly accurate
and international predictions.
Cheiro's ability of making accurate predictions made him earn tremendous fame,
popularity and repute and set him as the leading model in Palmistry.
Indeed, it is
probably only because of Cheiro that so many people have even heard about
Many of his
books are still in print in English and other languages, and are easily
available from major international chains.
You and Your Hand
and Your Stars
Book of Numbers
Palmistry for All
When Were You Born
Cheiro's Guide to the Hand
3. Cheiro's Book of
Cheiro's Language of the Hand
More About Cheiro
Pioneer in the health analysis and sexual & emotional evaluation
Jaquin was one of the most important pioneers in the development of
20th century. Although he is most
important as a pioneer within the fields of health analysis and
emotional evaluation from the hand, he has contributed something to all
aspects of the
chirological art. His work is as a broad canvas with a
lightly sketched image, outlining the breadth of scope of the diagnostic
potential of the hand.
About Noel Jaquin
A New York doctor Palmist who wrote famous book on Palmistry "The Law Of
Scientific Hand Reading"
A New York doctor palmist became interested in palmistry at the age of
after years of extensive study and research, he produced his influential
'"The Laws of Scientific Hand reading"
treated as a bible of Palmistry. He devoted his life to making the study
of the hand and so to raise it from the realms of superstition into a
More About William Benham
DR. CHARLOTTE WOLFF
A qualified physician, psychoanalyst and chirological researcher
Dr. Charlotte was a qualified
psychoanalyst, who stands among the very few
scientifically trained people ever to have seriously investigated the
diagnostic significance of the hand.
She was the
modern author of Palmistry who conducted complete studies on the hands
people. She managed to examined more than
hands during her long career and
stands as one of the very few people, who
accomplished a extensive experimental research on the pattern of the
hands, which gave Palmistry a definite scientific foundation.
About Dr Charlotte Wolff
First to adopt the technique of fingerprinting in criminal investigation
1901 Scotland yard adopted the technique of
investigation and identification. Medical researchers studying skin
(dermatoglyphics), have discovered a correspondence between
genetic abnormalities and unusual markings in the hand. Research has
confirmed a link between specific fingerprint patterns and heart disease.
The era of modern scientific research
days palmistry is well accepted throughout the world. Professional
palmists can be found reading palms in every country in the world. Pick up
almost any copy of magazine and there is some information on palmistry.
There are thousands of books written on the subject and there are
palmistry clubs the world across.